Indian Polity by M Laxmikanth

Best Book on Indian Polity and Indian Constitution for UPSC, WBCS and all State level Civil Service exams.

Indian Polity by M Laxmikanth

For Civil service and other competitive exams, Indian Polity & Indian Constitution is an important subject under General Studies category. For Indian Polity & Indian Constitution, “Indian Polity by M Laxmikanth” is a most popular book. Here, we are giving full contents of Indian Polity book which is written by M Laxmikanth. If you want to buy the book, click here.

সূচিপত্র

Indian Polity by M Laxmikanth Contents

PART-I Constitutional Framework

Historical Background

The Company Rule (1773–1858)
The Crown Rule (1858–1947)
Notes and References

Making of the Constitution

Demand for a Constituent Assembly
Composition of the Constituent Assembly
Working of the Constituent Assembly
Committees of the Constituent Assembly
Enactment of the Constitution
Enforcement of the Constitution
Experts Committee of the Congress
Criticism of the Constituent Assembly
Important Facts
Hindi Text of the Constitution
Notes and References

Salient Features of the Constitution

Salient Features of the Constitution
Criticism of the Constitution
Notes and References

Preamble of the Constitution

Text of the Preamble
Ingredients of the Preamble
Key Words in the Preamble
Significance of the Preamble
Preamble as Part of the Constitution
Amendability of the Preamble
Notes and References

Union and its Territory

Union of States
Parliament’s Power to Reorganise the States
Exchange of Territories with Bangladesh
Evolution of States and Union Territories
Notes and References

Citizenship

Meaning and Significance
Constitutional Provisions
Citizenship Act, 1955
Single Citizenship
Overseas Citizenship of India
Notes and References

Fundamental Rights

Features of Fundamental Rights
Definition of State
Laws Inconsistent with Fundamental Rights
Right to Equality
Right to Freedom
Right Against Exploitation
Right to Freedom of Religion
Cultural and Educational Rights
Right to Constitutional Remedies
Writs—Types and Scope
Armed Forces and Fundamental Rights
Martial Law and Fundamental Rights
Effecting Certain Fundamental Rights
Present Position of Right to Property
Exceptions to Fundamental Rights
Criticism of Fundamental Rights
Significance of Fundamental Rights
Rights Outside Part III
Notes and References

Directive Principles of State Policy

Features of the Directive Principles
Classification of the Directive Principles
New Directive Principles
Sanction Behind Directive Principles
Criticism of the Directive Principles
Utility of Directive Principles
Conflict Between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
Implementation of Directive Principles
Directives Outside Part IV
Notes and References

Fundamental Duties

Swaran Singh Committee Recommendations
List of Fundamental Duties
Features of the Fundamental Duties
Criticism of Fundamental Duties
Significance of Fundamental Duties
Verma Committee Observations
Notes and References

Amendment of the Constitution

Procedure for Amendment
Types of Amendments
Criticism of the Amendment Procedure
Notes and References

Basic Structure of the Constitution

Emergence of the Basic Structure
Elements of the Basic Structure
Notes and References

PART-II System of Government

Parliamentary System

Features of Parliamentary Government
Features of Presidential Government
Merits of the Parliamentary System
Demerits of the Parliamentary System
Reasons for Adopting Parliamentary System
Distinction between Indian and British Models
Notes and References

Federal System

Federal Features of the Constitution
Unitary Features of the Constitution
Critical Evaluation of the Federal System
Notes and References

Centre–State Relations

Legislative Relations
Administrative Relations
Financial Relations
Trends in Centre–State Relations
Notes and References

Inter-State Relations

Inter-State Water Disputes
Inter-State Councils
Public Acts, Records and Judicial Proceedings
Inter-State Trade and Commerce
Zonal Councils
Notes and References

Emergency Provisions

National Emergency
President’s Rule
Financial Emergency
Criticism of the Emergency Provisions
Notes and References

PART-III Central Government

President

Election of the President
Qualifications, Oath and Conditions
Term, Impeachment and Vacancy
Powers and Functions of the President
Veto Power of the President
Ordinance-Making Power of the President
Pardoning Power of the President
Constitutional Position of the President
Notes and References

Vice-President

Election
Qualifications, Oath and Conditions
Term and Vacancy
Powers and Functions
Indian and American Vice-Presidents Compared
Notes and References

Prime Minister

Appointment of the Prime Minister
Oath, Term and Salary
Powers and Functions of the Prime Minister
Role Descriptions
Relationship with the President
Chief Ministers who became Prime Ministers
Notes and References

Central Council of Ministers

Constitutional Provisions
Nature of Advice by Ministers
Appointment of Ministers
Oath and Salary of Ministers
Responsibility of Ministers
Composition of the Council of Ministers
Council of Ministers vs Cabinet
Role of Cabinet
Role Descriptions
Kitchen Cabinet
Notes and References

Cabinet Committees

Features of Cabinet Committees
List of Cabinet Committees
Functions of Cabinet Committees
Groups of Ministers
Notes and References

Parliament

Organisation of Parliament
Composition of the Two Houses
System of Elections to Lok Sabha
Duration of Two Houses
Membership of Parliament
Presiding Officers of Parliament
Leaders in Parliament
Sessions of Parliament
Devices of Parliamentary Proceedings
Legislative Procedure in Parliament
Joint Sitting of Two Houses
Budget in Parliament
Multifunctional Role of Parliament
Ineffectiveness of Parliamentary Control
Position of Rajya Sabha
Parliamentary Privileges
Sovereignty of Parliament
Notes and References

Parliamentary Committees

Meaning
Classification
Financial Committees
Departmental Standing Committees
Committees to Inquire
Committees to Scrutinise and Control
Committees Relating to the Day-to-Day Business of the
House
House-Keeping Committees
Consultative Committees
Notes and References

Parliamentary Forums

Establishment of the Forums
Objectives of the Forums
Composition of the Forums
Functions of the Forums
Notes and References

Parliamentary Group

Rationale of the Group
Composition of the Group
Objectives of the Group
Functions of the Group
The Group and IPU
The Group and CPA
Notes and References

Supreme Court

Composition and Appointment
Qualifications, Oath and Salaries
Tenure and Removal
Acting, Adhoc and Retired Judges
Seat and Procedure
Independence of Supreme Court
Jurisdiction and Powers of Supreme Court
Supreme Court Advocates
Notes and References

Judicial Review

Meaning of Judicial Review
Importance of Judicial Review
Constitutional Provisions for Judicial Review
Scope of Judicial Review
Judicial Review of the Ninth Schedule
Notes and References

Judicial Activism

Meaning of Judicial Activism
Judicial Review and Judicial Activism
Justification of Judicial Activism
Activators of Judicial Activism
Apprehensions of Judicial Activism
Judicial Activism vs. Judicial Restraint
Notes and References

Public Interest Litigation

Meaning of PIL
Features of PIL
Scope of PIL
Principles of PIL
Guidelines for Admitting PIL
Notes and References

PART-IV State Government

Governor

Appointment of Governor
Conditions of Governor’s Office
Term of Governor’s Office
Powers and Functions of Governor
Constitutional Position of Governor
Notes and References

Chief Minister

Appointment of Chief Minister
Oath, Term and Salary
Powers and Functions of Chief Minister
Relationship with the Governor
Notes and References

State Council of Ministers

Constitutional Provisions
Nature of Advice by Ministers
Appointment of Ministers
Oath and Salary of Ministers
Responsibility of Ministers
Composition of the Council of Ministers
Cabinet
Notes and References

State Legislature

Organisation of State Legislature
Composition of Two Houses
Duration of Two Houses
Membership of State Legislature
Presiding Officers of State Legislature
Sessions of State Legislature
Legislative Procedure in State Legislature
Position of Legislative Council
Privileges of State Legislature
Notes and References

High Court

Composition and Appointment
Qualifications, Oath and Salaries
Tenure, Removal and Transfer
Acting, Additional and Retired Judges
Independence of High Court
Jurisdiction and Powers of High Court
Notes and References

Tribunals

Administrative Tribunals
Tribunals for Other Matters
Notes and References

Subordinate Courts

Constitutional Provisions
Structure and Jurisdiction
National Legal Services Authority
Lok Adalats
Permanent Lok Adalats
Family Courts
Gram Nyayalayas
Notes and References

Special Provisions for Some States

Provisions for Maharashtra and Gujarat
Provisions for Nagaland
Provisions for Assam and Manipur
Provisions for Andhra Pradesh or Telangana
Provisions for Sikkim
Provisions for Mizoram
Provisions for Arunachal Pradesh and Goa
Provisions for Karnataka
Notes and References

PART-V Local Government

Panchayati Raj

Evolution of Panchayati Raj
73rd Amendment Act of 1992
Compulsory and Voluntary Provisions
PESA Act of 1996 (Extension Act)
Finances of Panchayati Raj
Reasons for Ineffective Performance
Notes and References

Municipalities

Evolution of Urban Bodies
74th Amendment Act of 1992
Types of Urban Governments
Municipal Personnel
Municipal Revenue
Central Council of Local Government
Notes and References

PART-VI Union Territories and Special Areas

Union Territories

Creation of Union Territories
Administration of Union Territories
Special Provisions for Delhi
Advisory Committees of Union Territories
Notes and References

Scheduled and Tribal Areas

Administration of Scheduled Areas
Administration of Tribal Areas
Notes and References

PART-VII Constitutional Bodies

Election Commission

Composition
Independence
Powers and Functions
Vision, Mission and Principles
Notes and References

Union Public Service Commission

Composition
Removal
Independence
Functions
Limitations
Role
Notes and References

State Public Service Commission

Composition
Removal
Independence
Functions
Limitations
Role
Joint State Public Service Commission
Notes and References

Finance Commission

Composition
Functions
Advisory Role
Notes and References

Goods and Services Tax Council

Establishment of the Council
Vision and Mission of the Council
Composition of the Council
Working of the Council
Functions of the Council
Other Functions of the Council
Notes and References

National Commission for SCs

Evolution of the Commission
Functions of the Commission
Report of the Commission
Powers of the Commission
Notes and References

National Commission for STs

Separate Commission for STs
Functions of the Commission
Other Functions of the Commission
Report of the Commission
Powers of the Commission
Notes and References

National Commission for BCs

Establishment of the Commission
Functions of the Commission
Report of the Commission
Powers of the Commission
Notes and References

Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities

Constitutional Provisions
Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities
Role of the Commissioner
Vision and Mission
Functions and Objectives
Notes and References

Comptroller and Auditor General of India

Appointment and Term
Independence
Duties and Powers
Role
Cag and Corporations
Appleby’s Criticism
Notes and References

Attorney General of India

Appointment and Term
Duties and Functions
Rights and Limitations
Solicitor General of India
Notes and References

Advocate General of the State

Appointment and Term
Duties and Functions
Notes and References

PART-VIII Non-Constitutional Bodies

NITI Aayog

Establishment
Rationale
Composition
Specialised Wings
Objectives
Functions
Guiding Principles
Cooperative Federalism
Criticism
Attached Offices
Erstwhile Planning Commission
National Development Council
Notes and References

National Human Rights Commission

Establishment of the Commission
Composition of the Commission
Functions of the Commission
Working of the Commission
Role of the Commission
Performance of the Commission
Notes and References

State Human Rights Commission

Composition of the Commission
Functions of the Commission
Working of the Commission
Human Rights Courts
2019 Amendment Act
Notes and References

Central Information Commission

Composition
Tenure and Service Conditions
Powers and Functions
Notes and References
58 State Information Commission
Composition
Tenure and Service Conditions
Powers and Functions
RTI Amendment Act, 2019
Notes and References

Central Vigilance Commission

Establishment
Composition
Organisation
Functions
Jurisdiction
Working
Vigilance Units in the Ministries
Whistle Blowers Protection Act (2014)
Notes and References

Central Bureau of Investigation

Establishment of CBI
Motto, Mission and Vision of CBI
Organisation of CBI
Composition of CBI
Functions of CBI
Provision of Prior Permission
CBI vs. State Police
CBI Academy
Notes and References

Lokpal and Lokayuktas

Global Scenario
Position in India
Lokpal
Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act (2013)
Lokayuktas
Notes and References

National Investigation Agency

Establishment of the NIA
Rationale of the NIA
Functions of the NIA
Vision of the NIA
Mission of the NIA
Jurisdiction of the NIA
NIA (Amendment) Act, 2019
Notes and References

National Disaster Management Authority

Establishment of the NDMA
Objectives of the NDMA
Functions of the NDMA
Additional Functions of the NDMA
State Disaster Management Authority
District Disaster Management Authority
Notes and References

PART-IX Other Constitutional Dimensions

Co-operative Societies

Constitutional Provisions
Reasons for the 97th Amendment
Notes and References

Official Language

Language of the Union
Regional Languages
Language of the Judiciary and Texts of Laws
Special Directives
Committee of Parliament on Official Language
Classical Language Status
Notes and References

Public Services

Classification of Services
Constitutional Provisions
Notes and References

Rights and Liabilities of the Government

Property of the Union and the States
Suits by or Against the Government
Suits Against Public Officials
Notes and References
68 Special Provisions Relating to Certain Classes
Rationale of Special Provisions

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